Вправа № 6

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mainland – материк tropical monsoon – тропічний мусон to average – складати, досягати to batter – бити, розбивати to dissolve – анулювати, поступово зникнути tremendous – величезний pristine – незайманий sacred pagodas – священні пагоди alpine – альпійський

1. Myanmar is the largest country in the Southeast Asian mainland and it borders China to the north and northeast, Thailand and Laos to the east, and India and Bangladesh to the northwest. The country has a total land area of 676,578 km² and a 1,930-km coast line along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. The majority (68%) of the population of 60 million is Burman; other ethnic minorities include the Shan, Karen and Rhakine. Myanmar has a tropical monsoon climate, with cool dry winters from November to February and a hot and monsoonal summer season from March to October. Temperatures average between 22 degrees Celsius and 27 degrees Celsius over the year. Central areas can reach 45 degrees Celsius during the summer, while the coastal regions can receive 5,000 mm of rain per year, mostly during the monsoon.

2. Myanmar can be divided into Upper Myanmar and Lower Myanmar. Upper Myanmar is the geographical region that includes the states of Mandalay, Kachin and Shan. Lower Myanmar refers to the region that includes the low-lying Irrawaddy delta and the coastal regions. The capital of Myanmar is Naypyidaw. Yangon is the economic and commercial centre and largest city, with an estimated population of six million.

3. Myanmar gained independence from the British Empire in 1948, ending a 62-year colonial era. Since then, the country has been battered by one of the longest-running civil wars between numerous ethnic groups and the government. Between 1962 and 2011, Myanmar was under military rule and faced wide sanctions from the West, driving it to political and economical isolation. The junta dissolved in 2011, with the establishment of a priority of Myanmar’s economic reform.



4. The potential for development across all sectors – not just tourism and hospitality – over the next decade is tremendous and can be compared to that of China or Eastern Europe some 20 years ago, or that of Vietnam about 15 years ago. As a nation with a long history, pristine nature and a unique culture, Myanmar is rich in tourism products. With numerous sacred pagodas and holy sites, scenic Inle Lake, alpine mountains in the north, and white sand beaches dotting its coastline, Myanmar provides an ideal leisure environment for a range of demographics.


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